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What is a government?

The Government runs the country. It is led by the Prime Minister who has final responsibility for all policy and decisions.

The Prime Minister is helped and advised by his or her Cabinet, which is a group of senior ministers, many of whom are in charge of departments like the Department of Health or the Department for Education.

Government departments are staffed by civil servants. Ministers decide on policy and civil servants are responsible for making this happen.

All ministers who work for a department are part of the Government.

Ministers are chosen by the Prime Minister from members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

The Government will sometimes be referred to as central government. It is not to be confused with local government.

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