Egalitarianism is a belief that everyone is equal and should therefore be treated as such in the society they live in.
In a truly egalitarian society, everyone would have the same opportunities in life regardless of factors like where they live or who their parents are and so on.
An egalitarian society would be based on left wing economic values where people who are rich would be taxed more to support those who aren’t as well off such as sick and vulnerable people.
Egalitarianism also applies to social – as well as economic – issues. People would not be discriminated against because of their race, gender or sexuality in an egalitarian society.
Socialists and communists believe in egalitarianism.