The main job of the House of Lords is to ‘double check’ new laws to make sure they are fair and will work.
It is made up of politicians who are either appointed by the Government or are there because their parents were Lords or Ladies.
The politicians in the House of Lords are often referred to as peers. Those who inherited their position from their parents are called hereditary peers.
It is the place with red leather seats that you sometimes see on the news.
The House of Lords is not as powerful as the House of Commons.
Proposed laws arrive in the House of Lords after coming from the House of Commons. The Lords cannot stop a new law from being made if the House of Commons wants it to happen. But it can delay the law from being made.
It can do this by pushing a law back to the House of Commons. When this happens, it can ask the Commons to make certain changes to it. However, the Lords can only reject a law three times. After this, it must become law.
The politicians in the House of Lords have not been voted for by the public. Some people don’t think this is right and want to see a more democratic House of Lords filled with people who have been elected.
The House of Lords and House of Commons make up Parliament.