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What is the Northern Ireland Executive?

The Northern Ireland Executive is responsible for running devolved matters like health, education and the environment in Northern Ireland.

It does not have any control over issues like defence, national security and foreign policy, which are dealt with by the UK Parliament and UK Government.

It is formed by the political party or parties who have the most MLAs in the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Ministers of the Executive are nominated by the political parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly. The number of ministers a party can nominate is determined by how many seats it has in the Assembly. Each minister has responsibility for a specific Northern Ireland government department.

The Executive is led by the First Minister, who is nominated by the largest party, and the Deputy First Minister, who is nominated by the second largest party.

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